Eating disorders are fairly common during the adolescent stage of development. Concerns with body image and weight control may lead to the development of disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia. This is due to the determination not to become obese.
Obesity (excess body fat) itself is not considered a mental disorder (DSM-5) as a range of genetic, physiological, behavioural and environmental factors contribute towards its development.
People are considered obese if they weigh 20% more than normal weight-for-height or weight for age.
Obesity is about three times more common in adolescence than childhood.
Medical Research Council of SA reports SA as one of highest of obesity in world (40% population).
Factors that influence increase in weight in the adolescent are genetic factors, metabolic disturbances, hormonal imbalances and variations in the number of fat cells in the underlying tissue.
Some adolescents are overweight due to their physiqu...